2000 - 2010

Oglala Lakota Tribe Cultivates Hemp

2000 - 2002

Under the guidance of Oglala Lakota Tribal Law passed in 1998 for low-THC cannabis cultivation on tribal lands, Alex White Plume, from Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota plants hemp to build an agricultural industry on the reservation. US Drug Enforcement Agency raid Alex White Plume’s hemp crop every year he plants. White Plume becomes the first farmer in the United States since World War II to grow hemp.

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Appeals Court Ruling


Hemp Industries Association and the US Drug Enforcement Agency litigate in court over the legality of selling hemp seeds for food and hemp body care products. Ninth District Court of Appeals rules in favor of Hemp Industries Association. Hemp imports to the United States increase after 2004 ruling.

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